Albert Einstein was a renowned scientist and theoretical physicist. He is known for his theory of relativity and the mass-energy equation E = mc2 . He received the ‘ Nobel Prize ‘ in 1921 for his discovery of theoretical physics, especially photoelectric emission .
Albert Einstein was born into a Jewish family in Wüttemberg, Germany . His father ‘Hermann Einstein’ was an engineer and salesman. His mother’s name was Pauline Einstein. Although Einstein had difficulty speaking in the beginning, but he was the best in studies. His native language was German and later he learned Italian and English. His family did not follow Jewish religious traditions and Einstein went to a Catholic school. At the behest of his mother, he learned to play the sarangi. He did not like it and later abandoned it, but later he took great pleasure in Mozart’s stringed music.
Childhood and education
In 1893, Albert Einstein attended a Catholic primary school. Although Einstein learned to speak with difficulty, he was a topper in elementary school. Einstein built models and mechanical devices for fun and also began to show a talent for mathematics. 1889 Max Talmud acquainted ten-year-old Einstein with important texts of science. Talmud was a poor Jewish medical student. The Jewish community arranged for the Talmud to have a meal with Einstein every Thursday for six years . During this time the Talmud wholeheartedly guided Einstein through a number of secular academic interests.
Einstein made many contributions, including the special and general theory of relativity. His other contributions include- relativistic universe, capillary motion, critical penumbra, problem of statistical mechanics, Brownian motion of molecules, mutational probability of molecules, quantum theory of a single molecule gas, thermal properties of light with low radiation density, theory of radiation, Integrated field theory and the geometry of physics. Einstein wrote more than fifty research papers and books apart from science. In 1999, Time magazine declared the man of the century. According to a survey, he was considered the greatest scientist of all time. Einstein is considered a synonym for the word intelligent.
Einstein and Rabindranath Tagore
Albert Einstein was not only a scholar of science, but also of literature , art , music and spirituality. This is the reason that when the world poet Gurudev Rabindranath Tagore reached his residence during his German visit on 14 July 1930 , it became a historic moment. A unique dialogue took place that day between these two peaks of science and poetry, about the “nature of truth”. Here are some excerpts from the English translation of this dialogue-
Albert Einstein : “Do you believe that the Divinity has a separate entity from the world?”
Rabindranath Tagore : “Not separate. The universe is contained in the infinite personalities of humanity. There can be no such thing which is outside the laws of human personality. This proves that the truth of the universe is also the truth of humanity. To understand this I have taken a scientific fact. Matter is made up of protons and electrons. There is a ‘gap’ between them. But matter is an electron and a proton .Looks solid despite this small connecting distance. Similarly humanity has small individual units, but they also have an interrelationship of mutual human relations which is also an interrelationship of relations to the human world which gives the human world a living unity (like each electron and proton having separate entities). We are all connected in the same way). I have been seeking this truth through art, through literature and through the religious consciousness of man.”
Albert Einstein : ” There are two different views about the nature of the universe, one ‘the unity of the universe depends on humanity’ . Second, the universe is a truth that is beyond the human factor, not dependent on it. Rabindranath
Tagore: “When our universe is in harmony with man, then we know divinity as truth. We feel it as beauty.”
Albert Einstein : “This is the only human concept of the universe.”
Rabindranath Tagore : “There cannot be another concept. This world is the human world. Its scientific concept is the concept of scientific man. That is why there is no existence of the world apart from us. It is a relative world that depends on our consciousness for its truth. There is a criterion of logic and bliss that gives the world its truth. “
Rabindranath Tagore with Einstein
Albert Einstein : “Is it the perception of human existence or its real existence?
Rabindranath Tagore : “Yes, a divine reality. We achieve this through our emotions and activities. Through our limitations we perceive the Universe, which has no individual boundaries. These are personal intensive needs. Our individual truth consciousness finds universal significance. Religion makes our truths valuable and we come to know the truth better because of its relevance to it.
Albert Einstein : ” So does truth or beauty have no independent or non-dependent existence beyond man?
Rabindranath Tagore : ” No. “
Albert Einstein : “If man does not exist anywhere, will this Bhuvan Bhaskar (this resplendent sun) not remain beautiful?”
Rabindranath Tagore : “Will not be there.”
Albert Einstein : “I consider it to be aesthetically correct, but not in the case of truth.
Rabindranath Tagore : “Why not?” The realization of truth is also done through man.
Albert Einstein : “I cannot prove that I am right, it is my religion.
Rabindranath Tagore: “Beauty is attained in a perfect ‘harmony’ which can be attained only by being universal and truth is the perfect wisdom of the universal mind only. We, as different people, arrive at truth through our mistakes and blunders and that also through our accumulated experiences and through our illumined consciousness. Otherwise how would we know about it?”
Albert Einstein : “I cannot prove that scientific truth must arise as a truth completely beyond humanity and completely independent or independent in itself, but I firmly believe in it. Example For I believe that the truth of what Pythagoras says in geometry is almost not dependent on the existence of man. Similarly, this reality also has a truth of its own. Denying one of it will negate the existence of the other. “
“Truth that is one with the universal consciousness must necessarily be human. Otherwise what we as individuals know or feel cannot be called truth. At least the truth that is called scientific truth is Discovered through a logic or a logic, but that too is ultimately achieved through human means. According to Hindu philosophy, Brahman is the ultimate truth, one cannot know it completely in isolation, and neither can express it in words. We can find it only when our personality can be absorbed in its eternity. But such truth can have nothing to do with science. The nature of truth we are discussing is its There is talk of manifestation, that is, that which can be manifest is true for the human mind, that is why man can be called the form of illusion.”
Albert Einstein: “So, according to your opinion, the experience of falsehood in the Hindu concept is the experience of the whole of humanity, not of an individual?”
Rabindranath Tagore : “In science we go through a discipline to come closer to truth in which we get entry only by removing the limits of our individual minds. Thus the essence of truth we find is the truth of the universal man.
Albert Einstein : “Our primary problem is whether truth does not depend on our consciousness?’
Rabindranath Tagore : “What we call truth is an intellectual harmony between the objective and the objective aspects. And both these sides belong to that ‘super personal man’.”
Albert Einstein: “Our stand for the existence of truth beyond humanity cannot be explained or proven, but it is a belief from which no one is devoid of it. Even the smallest of creatures. We call truth a ‘super’. Humans’ provide objectivity. What is indispensable to us is this truth that does not depend on our existence, our experience, and our intelligence, even if we cannot say what it means?”
Rabindranath Tagore: “Science has proved that a table that looks like a solid thing is just a visible appearance. What the human mind perceives as a table will have no existence if it is a constant feeling.” At the same time, we have to accept that the ultimate physical reality of the table is to be a vast set of centers of different rotating electric forces, which is also related to human consciousness. There is a supernatural conflict between the mind and the individual level. An eternal process of reconciliation continues in science and philosophy and our ethics. In any case, if there is a truth that does not belong to humanity, it has nothing for us. doesn’t even exist.”
Albert Einstein : “Then I am more religious than you.”
Rabindranath Tagore: “My religion is in the process of continuous union of my own being with the consciousness of that cosmic man (God). This was the subject of my Hibbert-Lecture which I called the ‘religious man’.